Computer

Computer
   1) Concise Definition of a Computer
   A computer is an interpreted automatic formal system-that is to say, a symbol-manipulating machine. (Haugeland, 1985, p. 113)
   2) A Running Computer Is an Abstract Game
   The game the computer plays out is regulated by systems of ideas whose range is bounded only by the limitations of the human imagination. The physically determined bounds on the electronic and mechanical events internal to the computer do not matter for that game-any more than it matters how tightly a chess player grips his bishop or how rapidly he moves it over the board. A computer running under the control of a stored program is thus detached from the real world in the same way that every abstract game is. (Weizenbaum, 1976, pp. 111-112)

Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science. . 2015.

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  • computer — com‧put‧er [kəmˈpjuːtə ǁ ər] noun [countable, uncountable] COMPUTING an electronic machine that can do calculations very quickly, store information or documents, or do tasks according to a set of instructions called a program: • We store all our… …   Financial and business terms

  • computer — COMPÚTER, computere, s.n. Calculator electronic; ordinator. ♢ Computer familial = microcalculator pentru prelucrarea şi vizualizarea informaţiilor provenite de la o serie de periferice, specific aplicaţiilor familiale (utilitare, educaţionale,… …   Dicționar Român

  • computer — /komˈpjuter, ingl. kəmˈpjuːtə(r)/ [vc. ingl., «calcolatore», da to compute «calcolare», dal fr. computer «computare»] s. m. inv. calcolatore, elaboratore, elaboratore elettronico, cervello elettronico □ (est.) personal computer, PC, home computer …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Computer — Com*put er (k[o^]m*p[=u]t [ e]r), n. 1. One who computes. 2. (Computers) an electronic device for performing calculations automatically. It consists of a clock to provide voltage pulses to synchronize the operations of the devices within the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • computer — ● computer ou computeur nom masculin (anglais computer, de to compute, calculer) Synonyme de ordinateur. ● computer ou computeur (synonymes) nom masculin (anglais computer, de to compute, calculer) Synonymes : ordinateur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Computer — Sm std. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. computer, einer Ableitung von ne. compute berechnen , dieses aus frz. computer, aus l. computāre berechnen, zusammenrechnen, überschlagen , zu l. putāre rechnen, berechnen, putzen, reinigen und l.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Computer — [Basiswortschatz (Rating 1 1500)] Auch: • Rechner Bsp.: • Wir haben einen neuen Computer in unserem Büro. • Mein neuer Computer ist sehr leistungsfähig. • Welcher Laden verkauft Computer? …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • computer — 1640s, one who calculates, agent noun from COMPUTE (Cf. compute). Meaning calculating machine (of any type) is from 1897; in modern use, programmable digital electronic computer (1945; theoretical from 1937, as Turing machine). ENIAC (Cf. ENIAC)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • computer — [kəm pyo͞ot′ər] n. 1. a person who computes 2. a device used for computing; specif., an electronic machine which, by means of stored instructions and information, performs rapid, often complex calculations or compiles, correlates, and selects… …   English World dictionary

  • Computer — Computer: Die Bezeichnung für »elektronische Rechenanlage; Rechner« wurde in der 2. Hälfte des 20. Jh.s aus gleichbed. engl. computer entlehnt. Das engl. Wort gehört zum Verb engl. to compute »‹be›rechnen«, das auf lat. computare… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • computer — [n] calculating, data processing machine abacus, adding machine, analog, artificial intelligence, brain*, calculator, clone, CPU, data processor, digital, electronic brain*, laptop*, MAC, mainframe, micro*, microcomputer, mini*, minicomputer,… …   New thesaurus

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